Many people avoid taking pictures up to the light, because usually they do not go. At least if we use automation, because just to see what the values ​​set to pictures of the light looked nice.

Vacation after his belt, and with them more and more sun. You know probably this problem, when sunny days are doing photos, and part of the frame is overexposed, and another opposite. Only the human eye is so perfect optics that we always see everything in the correct way. With the cameras it is not the case, especially if you use the automatic settings. But if zaprzyjaźnimy of partially manual mode, it is with a few settings we can achieve much better results.

Metering

Cameras, even simpler (not counting the typical amateur CDs) often offer three metering modes: multi-pattern, center-weighted and spot. Ultimately, each model uses the first. In his case, the camera measures light on the entire screen. If so one point is very clear, and the other dark, the result will get personnel or darkened or overexposed. Center-weighted metering works like matrix, the fact that the camera measures the light focusing mainly on the center of the frame. Useful when you most interested in building in the center – for example, when we do portraits. The most accurate measurement is the point, because in his case we decide on where the camera is to measure the light – set the exact point on the screen. The problem may be the speed, because at the moment we have to set the place of sacrifice, and sometimes we are very keen on speed. In any case, thanks to proper ostawieniu metering can make the picture will be well exposed, that we care. Look at the pictures below.

fot. fotoManiaK.pl

fot. fotoManiaK.pl

fot. fotoManiaK.pl

In the first case the meter was set on the water, because I wanted to bring out the best detail, in the second – on the tree, that well could see the bark. However, in both cases, one of the frame looks better at the expense of the other. On the third picture point of light is set somewhere in the middle, and in addition helped each exposure compensation.

exposure compensation

Well, is another important element. We spent the whole guide once before, so I'm not going deep into the base. With this setting, the camera adjusts so that different parameters of the complex, or to lighten or darken the image, depending on whether the compensation set a positive or negative. This setting is so cool that it does not affect the image quality, such as the use of higher ISO values. I can be very useful, because its use is quick and easy. In many cases, we may decide to Matrix Metering and leave most of the settings for the camera, and yourself only use exposure compensation. Usually cameras have compensation dial on the casing, so access to it is easy and fast. Often, when the light is very strong enough to use negative compensation. Even a slight change of setting will help us darken the frame and thereby protect themselves from overexposure photos. An example of the use of compensation can be found in the pictures below.

fot. fotoManiaK.pl

fot. fotoManiaK.pl

One picture is brighter, easier to see the blue sky. In turn, the second well-defined structure she found cloud. On the second because the picture was slightly reduced exposure compensation. Photography is often the art of compromise. In this case, we should decide what we care more about – whether we prefer to show an interesting structure of clouds, whether we want to show the blue sky, while leaving little overexposed cloud.

Stop

Aperture, as you probably know, because I wrote about it very much affects the picture. Not only in terms of how much light enters the lens, but also as far as the depth of field is shallow. How to use the aperture on sunny days? Your first thought may be that when photographing against the light, it is best to turn a blind aperture. But it does not have to be. If you increase the aperture value, the darker elements of the frame will become almost black, and it is not necessarily the desired effect. Shooting someone on a bright background, sometimes it is better to open the aperture wider, thanks to this kind of "przepalimy" background, but the figure in the photo will be well exposed, and in the case of portraits yet it is the most important. Besides, the wider the aperture, we can expect that the lens flare falls, which sometimes looks very interesting. The sun, in turn, be blurred, it becomes soft. You can see it in the picture below.

fot. fotoManiaK.pl

not always theoretically correct exposure must be the only option. Sometimes we deliberately reduce the aperture, or enter a negative exposure to achieve a particular effect. For example, in order to obtain "effect gwiady" in the case of the sun, that is, to show its rays, we have to turn a blind aperture very hard – to f / 16 or more. Creative ways to use a large aperture are many. In the picture below I wanted to enclose the monument visible from afar, and people passing by leave only "contours".

fot. fotoManiaK.pl


other ways to

If you do not want to flare of light falling into the lens, you should purchase a lens cover that is popular "tulip". Thanks to the lens is shielded from the light coming from the side, and thus the risk that the light falls to him and spoil our approach is significantly reduced. On sunny days, very useful for a ND filter. Recently we wrote that ND filters to buy and what to look for. ND filter, otherwise gray, act like sunglasses. So if you wear glasses, then why not make something like your camera? ND filter in many cases proves to be indispensable.